Using CISSP to help secure your home network
I am enrolled in a Cybersecurity class right now and as with most courses I take I get to thinking about how to apply what I am learning to my own life. So I thought about how to take the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) Domains and make them useful for my home network security. The CISSP exam covers eight domains that encompass various aspects of information security. While the domains are typically applied in an organizational or professional context, you can certainly leverage them to plan your home network security as well.
Here’s how you can use the CISSP domains to guide your home network security plans:
Security and Risk Management:
Identify and assess the risks associated with your home network, such as unauthorized access, data breaches, or device compromise. Develop a security policy and establish security objectives for your home network. Implement risk management practices, such as regular backups and software updates, to mitigate potential risks.
Apply this domain to your home network by:
- Identifying the assets: Determine what data and devices need protection in your home network.
- Assessing risks: Evaluate potential threats to your network, such as unauthorized access, malware, or data breaches.
- Developing security policies: Establish guidelines for password management, device access control, and data backup.
Identify and categorize the assets in your home network, including computers, routers, smart devices, and personal data. Apply appropriate security controls to protect your assets, such as strong passwords, encryption, and physical security measures.
Apply this domain to your home network by:
- Securing devices: Implement strong passwords, enable device encryption, and regularly update firmware.
- Protecting data: Utilize encryption for sensitive data, such as financial records or personal information.
- Implementing access controls: Restrict access to your network by enabling firewalls, securing Wi-Fi with strong passwords, and disabling unnecessary services.
Security Architecture and Engineering:
Design your home network with security in mind, considering network segmentation; secure configurations, and the use of firewalls and intrusion detection systems. Implement secure protocols and encryption mechanisms to protect network communications and sensitive data.
Apply this by thinking about these things:
- Network segmentation: Separate your home network into different subnets, such as guest and IoT networks, to isolate devices and reduce attack surface.
- Secure network protocols: Use secure protocols like WPA2 or WPA3 for Wi-Fi, and implement secure communication protocols (HTTPS, SSH) for accessing devices remotely.
- Secure configuration management: Regularly update and patch your devices and applications to address security vulnerabilities.
Communication and Network Security:
Secure your home network communications by using secure protocols (for example using HTTPS, VPN, TOR) and securing your wireless network with strong encryption (WPA2 or WPA3). Implement access controls, such as strong passwords, on your network devices and services. Regularly monitor network traffic for any signs of unauthorized access or malicious activity (going over logs).
Apply this by doing the following:
- Securing your Wi-Fi network: Change the default SSID and password, enable network encryption, and consider using a strong, complex passwords.
- Implementing a firewall: Set up a firewall to filter network traffic and block unauthorized access attempts.
- Monitoring network traffic: Use intrusion detection systems (IDS) or network monitoring tools to detect suspicious activity on your network.
Identity and Access Management:
Implement strong authentication mechanisms for accessing your home network, such as two-factor authentication (2FA) or biometrics. Control user access to your network resources by creating separate user accounts with appropriate privileges and regularly reviewing access permissions.
To apply this:
- Strong authentication: Enable two-factor authentication (2FA – a hardware key like Yubikey is best) or multifactor authentication (MFA) on devices and online services.
- User account management: Use unique usernames and strong passwords, regularly update passwords, and remove unnecessary user accounts. Limiting privileges: Assign appropriate user roles and permissions to limit access to sensitive resources. Do not run everything as Root or Admin.
Security Assessment and Testing:
Regularly perform security assessments of your home network, including vulnerability scanning and penetration testing. Test the effectiveness of your security controls and make necessary improvements based on the findings.
Apply this to your home network by:
- Regular vulnerability scans: Use security tools to scan your network for potential weaknesses and vulnerabilities.
- Penetration testing: Perform controlled tests to identify and address security flaws in your network.
- Security awareness training: Educate yourself and your family members about potential risks, such as phishing attacks or social engineering attempts.
Implement logging and monitoring mechanisms to detect and respond to security incidents in your home network. Establish an incident response plan and practice it to ensure you can effectively respond to security breaches or emergencies.
Take these into consideration:
- Security monitoring: Set up network monitoring tools or enable logging to detect any unusual or suspicious activities.
- Incident response plan: Create a plan to respond to security incidents, such as malware infections or data breaches.
- Regular backups: Implement a backup strategy for critical data to ensure quick recovery in case of data loss or system compromise.
Software Development Security:
Keep your devices and software up to date with the latest security patches. Only install trusted and reputable applications on your devices, and avoid downloading software from untrusted sources.
Although it may not directly apply to home network planning, you can consider:
- Ensuring secure software and firmware updates: Regularly update and patch software and firmware on your devices to address security vulnerabilities.
Summing it all up:
Although the CISSP domains were designed for business thinking about them, you can start using CISSP to help secure your home network. Think of all the data on your home computers and connected devices, and you will notice that you have quite a bit of personal information and things to protect.
By applying these CISSP domains to your home network security planning, you can develop a comprehensive approach to protect your network and personal information from various threats. Having a plan to better your home network security is better than hoping something will always go right. Remember to regularly review and update your security measures as new risks emerge as technology evolves.